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Use of Historical Documents in the Classroom

 

Pioneer Life: A Girl and Her Story 

 

http://photoswest.org/photos/00171001/00171014.jpg

Katrina Buffenbarger

Blue Grass Elementary School

Summer 2008

 

 

 

A four wheel covered wagon, with a team of horses

Image provided by the Denver Public Library, Western History Collection

http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?00171014+P-1014

 

During this lesson students will explore what life was like for a pioneer girl named Laura Ingalls Wilder by reading and analyzing the book, Pioneer Girl: The Story of Laura Ingalls Wilder written by William Anderson. This reading will give them the background knowledge needed to create an electronic primary source photo story.     

 

Overview

Objectives

The students will be able to:

·        Read and analyze historical fiction text

·        Demonstrate comprehension of the text by participating in discussion and activities

·        Differentiate primary and secondary sources

·        Produce a photo story using technology resources

 

Recommended time frame

10 days

Grade level

5th

Curriculum fit

Language Arts and Social Science

Resources

·        Class set of Pioneer Girl: The Story of Laura Ingalls Wilder

·        The use of a computer lab

·        Photo story software, free Microsoft download from http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/digitalphotography/
photostory/default.mspx

 

Davenport Community School District Learning Standards          

 

Reading:

Power Standard 1: Students will be able to read, analyze, and understand a variety of literary and informational texts for varied purposes

 

Power Benchmark 2: Uses a variety of comprehension processes.

a. Uses the elements of reciprocal teaching (clarifying, questioning, summarizing and predicting).

b. Retells stories or parts of stories or books through oral or written tasks.

c. Responds to text in a variety of ways (oral, written, artistic, movement) to show comprehension.

 

Communication:

Power Standard: Students will be able to use speaking, writing, and listening strategies and technological tools to support self-directed learning, and to share/receive information to work with diverse groups in a variety of situations

 

Power Benchmark 1: Communicates effectively using speaking, listening, and technology skills

a. Uses speaking skills to communicate effectively.

b. Uses listening skills to communicate effectively.

c. Uses technology skills to communicate effectively.

 

SOCIAL STUDIES

Standard: Students will be able to understand the development of civic responsibility and the influence of economics, geography, history, political science, and behavioral science on individuals and societies

 

Power Benchmark - History: Students will be able to understand the formation, development, and change of societies through time.

i. Understand how human needs, ideas, issues, and events influence the past and present:

• Exploration, colonization, and settlement

• Conflict and revolution

• Immigration

• Growth and expansion

Procedures

 

To build background knowledge, students will read Pioneer Girl: The Story of Laura Ingalls Wilder using the Shared Reading format. This will take approximately five days.

 

Day one: Differentiate between primary and secondary sources and introduce The Library of Congress website.

 

Day two: Students will explore www.loc.gov using the attached “hot list.”  They must locate at least seven primary documents and focus on one individual story from American Life Histories. 

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/wpahome.html .

 

These primary documents will be used later in their photo story.

 

 

Day three: Introduce Photo Story software and the attached example of a final product.

 

Days four and five: Create photo story using their primary documents and generalizing their knowledge of pioneer life.

 

Evaluation

 

See attached rubric. 

 

 

Image

Description

Citation

URL

http://memory.loc.gov/award/nbhips/lca/102/10216r.jpg

 

 

Solomon D. Butcher in front of his dugout

Nebraska State Historical Society, [Digital ID, e.g., nbhips 12036

http://memory.loc.gov/award/nbhips/lca/102/10216r.jpg

 

 

http://photoswest.org/photos/00100751/00100762.jpg

 

 

 

Log cabin with sod roof and additional log buildings with five men and three children (girls) in front of cabin; barren slope behind cabin; Premean[sic] Ranch penciled on glass plate

Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library

http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?00100762+B-762

 

 

http://photoswest.org/photos/10011876/10011929.jpg

 

 

Weary pioneers rest in front of two Conestoga wagons on a plain with mountains in the background. Family includes an adult male and 3 adult females

Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library

http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10011929+X-11929

 

 

http://photoswest.org/photos/10011001/10011010.jpg

 

Two men stand in front of a picket fence along the dirt Linden Street in Fort Collins, Colorado in Larimer County. Buildings along the street include hewn log cabins and commercial

Western History/Genealogy Department, Denver Public Library

http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10011010+X-11010

 

 

 

Photo of Laura Ingalls Wilder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rose Wilder Lane collection/ Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum
210 Parkside Drive
West
Branch, IA 52358

319-643-5301

 

 

 

 

NA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.lauraingallswilderhome.com/images/travelmap.jpg

Visual of Laura Ingalls Wilder’s travels across the prairie

Wilder home and museum

http://www.lauraingallswilderhome.com/images/travelmap.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

A four-wheel covered wagon with a team of horses crosses a desert landscape. Shows luggage tied to the back and wheel ruts on the ground.

Denver Public Library, Western History Collection

http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?00171014+P-1014

 

 

 

 

 

Native American (Arapaho) men in leggings, beaded gauntlets, and beaded feather headdresses pose near a group of tepees and a covered wagon near Casper, Wyoming. The tepees are painted and depict humans on horses and shields; a sign on the covered wagon reads: "Oregon or Bust." A blanket is draped over a wooden frame.

Denver Public Library, Colorado Historical Society, and Denver Art Museum

 

http://photoswest.org/cgi-bin/imager?10032362+X-32362

 

Photo of Almanzo Wilder

Hoover Presidential Library
Rose Wilder Lane
Collection

Photo #225

 

NA

 

 

A fan letter written to Laura in 1947 by a student at Longfellow School in La Crosse, Wisconsin

Rose Wilder Lane

Laura Ingalls Series

Box 14

Folder Mail from Fans

1933-1949

NA

A fan letter written to Laura in 1948 by a student at Dakota Street School in Los Angeles, California 

Hoover Presidential Library

Rose Wilder Lane

Laura Ingalls Series

Box 14

Folder Mail from Fans

1933-1949

NA

Original Homestead recording for Charles Ingalls

Hoover Presidential Library

Rose Wilder Lane Papers

Laura Ingalls Wilder Series

Box 14

Folder Ingalls, Charles P. Homestead File

1880-86

NA

Original application for Charles Ingalls homestead

Hoover Presidential Library

Rose Wilder Lane Papers

Laura Ingalls Wilder Series

Box 14

Folder Ingalls, Charles P. Homestead File 1880-86

NA

Original detailed summary for Charles Ingalls’ homestead

Hoover Presidential Library

Rose Wilder Lane Papers

Laura Ingalls Wilder Series

Box 14

Folder Ingalls, Charles P. Homestead File 1880-86

NA

Photo of Laura Ingalls Wilder and Almanzo Wilder with friends

Hoover Presidential Library

Rose Wilder Lane Collection

Photo #138

 

NA

Photo of Laura and Almanzo’s Mansfield, Missouri house

Hoover Presidential Library

Rose Wilder Lane Collection

Photo #197

NA

 

Music used:

Fiddle Tunes of the Old Frontier: The Henry Reed Collection. Library of Congress, American Folklife Center http://memory.loc.gov/afc/afcreed/130/13037a19.wav

 


Rubric

Back to Navigation Bar


10-6

5-0

Points earned

Primary sources used from “Hot List”

Student used seven or more primary documents

Student used less than the seven required primary documents

 

Background knowledge

Student used background knowledge from  Pioneer Girl: The Story of Laura Ingalls Wilder

Little or no background knowledge was used

 

Organization of Photo Story

A beginning, middle, and end is clearly identified

A beginning, middle, and end are somewhat identified

 

Technology used in Photo Story

Student used transitions

Transition were used incorrectly or not at all

 

Music

Student used music in their Photo Story

 

Music was used incorrectly or not at all

 

Title

Student created a unique title

Title was not used

 

 

 

 

Total

 

Primary Resource/Photo Story

 

 

Photo story software, free Microsoft download from http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/digitalphotography/photostory/default.mspx

 

 

 

Pioneer Hot List

 

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/wpaintro/wpahome.html

In this site you must search using “pioneer” as your key word. You will then have the opportunity to read personal stories.  

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award97/codhtml/hawphome.html

This site will provide a generous number of pictures. You will need to search using “pioneer” as your key word. You may also want to try other key words such as “covered wagon.”

http://docsouth.unc.edu/neh/arter/menu.html

This site provides an electronic copy with visuals of the book Echoes from a Pioneer Life

Jared Maurice Arter, b. 1850

 

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/award99/icuhtml//fawhome.html

In this site you will find visuals of pioneer life as well as historical documentation

 

 

Back to Use of Historical Documents in the Classroom


 

Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum
210 Parkside Drive
West Branch, IA 52358
319-643-5301

 

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