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Use of Historical Documents in the Classroom

 

An Introduction to the Use of Primary Sources in Biographical Research:

 A Closer Look at Lou Henry Hoover

 


                                   

Amanda Bock

Independence Middle School

Summer 2008


 

 

Library of Congress, Prints and

Photographs Division [reproduction

number, e.g., LC-USZ62-110212]

 

This lesson introduces students to the importance of primary sources in biographical research. Primary sources such as: photo, stereograph, negative, sketch, newspaper article, telegram, and letter pertaining to Lou Henry Hoover will be used.

 

Overview/ Materials/LOC Resources/Standards/ Procedures/Evaluation/Rubric/Handouts/Extension

 

Overview                                                        Back to Navigation Bar

Objectives

Students will:

·        Analyze several types of primary sources

·        Compare primary sources with a secondary source

Recommended time frame

2-3 class periods

Grade level

7th grade

Curriculum fit

Students will learn to use primary sources in their biographical research

Materials

·        Copies of Lou Henry Hoover primary documents and photos (will vary depending on number of groups)

·        Large mailing envelopes to hold the primary sources for each group

·        Photo Analysis Worksheet from the National Archives http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/

·        Written Document Analysis Worksheet from the National Archives http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/

·        Computer with internet access

·        LCD projector

·        Website: Biographical Sketch of Lou Henry Hoover 1874-1944 http://www.ecommcode.com/hoover/hooveronline/lhhbio/index.html

·        Website: Library of Congress

      http://www.loc.gov/index.html

Independence School District Grade Level Expectations
                                                                       
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Standard: LA.07.07

·        Students will determine and demonstrate understanding of the elements of a biography.

Benchmark: LA.07.07.04

·        Use other sources for verification and additional information about researched individual.

Procedures                                                     Back to Navigation Bar

 

Day One:

·        Students are put into groups of four.

·        Each group is given a large envelope with 2 or more primary sources inside.

·        Each group also receives Photo and Written Document Analysis Worksheets.

·        After each group has had enough time to analyze the primary sources and fill out the worksheets, each group will present to the class their findings and interpretations of their primary sources.

Day Two:

·        Students are put in the same groups again with the same primary sources.

·        The teacher will show the students a website based on Lou Henry Hoover’s life using an LCD projector.

o       Website: Biographical Sketch of Lou Henry Hoover 1874-1944 http://www.ecommcode.com/hoover/hooveronline/lhhbio/index.html

·        Students will compare their primary sources with the secondary source through class discussion.

Day Three:

·        Finish Day 2 activity. 

·        Discuss Extension activity.

Evaluation                                                      Back to Navigation Bar

 

Students will be evaluated through class discussion and their analysis worksheets.

Extension                                                        Back to Navigation Bar

 

·        Historical Biography Research:  Students will use primary sources to enhance their research on a historical person.  Website: Library of Congress

      http://www.loc.gov/index.html

 

 

Primary Resources from the Library of Congress

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Item:

Description: Lou Henry Hoover Portrait between 1928-1933

Citation: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division [reproduction number, e.g., LC-USZ62-110212]

URL: http://memory.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3a50000/3a53000/3a53300/3a53359v.jpg

 

Item:

Description: Lou Henry Hoover, President of the Girl Scouts of America, on June 7, 1924, walking through crowd

Citation: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c31918 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c31918

URL: http://memory.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3c30000/3c31000/3c31900/3c31918v.jpg

 

Item:

Description: Herbert Hoover and Lou Hoover sitting on wicker chairs in 1929

Citation: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c31568 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c31568

URL: http://memory.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3c30000/3c31000/3c31500/3c31568v.jpg

 

Item:

Description: Mrs. Hoover feeds bear cub ice cream in Seward, Alaska in 1926 (Stereograph)

Citation: No known restrictions on publication. No renewal in Copyright office.

                Digital ID (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3c04701 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3c04701

URL: http://memory.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3c00000/3c04000/3c04700/3c04701v.jpg

 

Item:

Description: Little girl picture of Lou Henry, photo of negative

Citation: Chicago Daily News negatives collection, DN-0003451. Courtesy of the Chicago

                Historical Society.

URL: http://memory.loc.gov/  Search for lou henry chicago daily news.  It will be the first item, labeled [Baby photograph of Mrs. Herbert Hoover]

 

 

Item:

Description: sketch by Lou Henry of an ambulance in August 1895

Citation: Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, Collection LHH, Series Subject File, Box 95

 

Item:

Description: Newspaper clipping from Allentown, PA on Jan. 8, 1944, on Mrs. Herbert

                      Hoover’s death

Citation: Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, Collection LHH, Series Subject File, Box 60

 

Item:

Description: Lou Henry Hoover’s Chinese signature

Citation: Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, Collection LHH, Series Subject File, Box 30

 

Item:

Description: Telegram from Thomas and Mina Edison congratulating the Hoovers

Citation: Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, Collection LHH, Series Subject File, Box 17

 

Item:

Description: Letter to Mrs. Hoover from the editor of “The American Girl" on May 19, 1926

Citation: Herbert Hoover Presidential Library, Collection LHH, Series Girl Scouts and Other Groups, Box 8

 

 


Rubric

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CATEGORY

4

3

2

1

No Credit

Individual Participation

The student is on task the entire activity and is completing his or her work.

The student is on task for the majority of the activity; only one warning was given to stay on task.

The student was on task for only part of the activity; two warnings were given to stay on task. 

The student was on task for a small part of the activity; 3 or more warnings were given to stay on task. 

 

The student was off task during the entire activity.

Analyze Document

 

All the primary sources are examined with analysis worksheets completed on each.

The majority of the primary sources are examined with analysis worksheets completed on each. 

 

Half of the primary sources are examined with analysis worksheets completed on each. 

 

Less than half of the primary sources are examined with analysis worksheets completed on each. 

 

None of the primary sources are examined nor the analysis worksheets completed. 



Accuracy

90-100% of the answers are correct on the worksheet.

 

80-89% of the answers are correct on the worksheet. 

 

70-79% of the answers are correct on the worksheet.

69% or less of the answers are correct on the worksheet. 

 

The student did not make an attempt to answer the questions.






 

Primary Sources Activity Rubric

 


Handouts

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·        Written Document Analysis Worksheet

·        Photo Analysis Worksheet

·        Copies of Written Documents:


 

 

           

 

 

          







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